This seminar will begin with the persistent fascination in the global North, especially in the US, with the pathos of anti apartheid suffering. In the global and especially US imaginary, South Africa figures as stories of pathos and heroism from Cry the Beloved Country (1948; filmed in 1951 and 1993 recently assigned by Ophrah's book club) to the American made and targeted film Amandla: a revolution in four part harmony (2004). It will deconstruct that fascination through the critical examination of 20th and 21st C South African English literature and culture whose authors choose sometimes to address overseas audiences and sometimes pointedly to ignore them. Literary texts may include those by authors in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century colonial period (Schreiner, Haggard, ..), the neocolonial Union, 1910-1948 (Dhlomo, Dikobe...), as well as the response to apartheid (1950-1994), from the Sophiatown generation (Nkosi, Mphahlele, Modisane, Gordimer, Fugard...) and beyond (Ndebele, Coetzee, Bessie Head), and the writers of plays and stories of the so-called Soweto generation, and the present post-anti-apartheid (if not postapartheid period), especially the work of minority ("Indian," "colored") South Africans, such as Achmat Visual texts include feature films, including adaptations of fiction since 1930s, documentary since the 1970s, and recent TV. We will also examine criticism and theory, both local (Dhlomo, Nkosi, Ndebele, Coetzee...) and abroad (Bhabha, Fanon, Chakrabarty, Gramsci,..), viz the applicability or not of post/colonial terminology to South Africa.