This seminar will examine the legitimization of South African English Literature in the colonial, neocolonial, and (maybe) postcolonial context, as well as the objects of that process--texts that have been established as legitimately South African, or those subject to contestation by competing social, racial, and cultural constituencies. Our texts will include those by authors in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century colonial period (Schreiner, Haggard, Plaatje, Stephen Black...), the neocolonial Union, 1910-1948 (Herbert Dhlomo, Wiliam Plomer, Modikwe Dikobe...), as well as the response to apartheid (1950-1994), from the Sophiatown generation (Nkosi, Mphahlele, Modisane, Gordimer, Fugard...) and beyond (Ndebele, Coetzee, Bessie Head), and the writers of plays and stories of the so-called Soweto generation, and the present post-anti-apartheid (if not post-apartheid period), especially the work of minority ("Indian," "colored") South Africans, such as Achmat Dangor and Ismael Mahomed. We will also examine the ways in which criticism and theory, both local (Dhlomo, Nkosi, Ndebele, Coetzee...) and abroad (Bhabha, Fanon, Chakrabarty, Gramsci, Laclau, Meaghan Morris...), traverse, affirm, and undermine the applicability of post/colonial terminology to South Africa. Requirements: oral presentation, short archival paper (using Northwestern's extensive collection as well as U of C), and long research paper. Ph.D. course; interested MAs must consult instructor in AUTUMN quarter.