This course will introduce students to the tradition of independent, experimental cinema in North America. From the relatively isolated pre-war contributions of James Sibley Watson and Melville Webber, Douglass Crockwell, Ralph Steiner, Joseph Cornell, and Robert Florey to the more concentrated post-war emergence of Maya Deren, Stan Brakhage, Sidney Peterson, Kenneth Anger, Harry Smith, and Bruce Conner, North America has consistently supported an artisanal, independent, avant-garde film culture. While rarely reaching the level of mass popularity, this film community has developed a richness and complexity equal to what we find in painting and music -- arts with which it has often been in conversation. This course will concentrate on periods of greatest visibility and impact -- the 1960s and 1970s -- examining the development of underground film, personal cinema, "expanded cinema," minimalism, and structural film, paying particular attention to film’s interaction with other arts. We will end by taking stock or recent developments in the 1980s and 1990s. Filmmakers will include Christopher MacLaine, Michael Snow, Ernie Gehr, Andy Warhol, Joyce Wieland, Ken Jacobs, Jack Smith, Hollis Frampton, Carolee Schneeman, Yvonne Rainer, Morgan Fischer, Abigail Child, Martin Arnold, Lewis Klahr, Su Friedrich, and Brian Frye.